. Human Biology Research Lab: Center for Medical
Research (Labs 104 & 205) Sacred Heart Medical
University District Hospital
722 E. 11th Avenue Eugene, OR
to the lab
Spring 2016 Office Hours
Mondays 3-5 & by appointment
(372 Oregon Hall)
Anth 175: Evolutionary Medicine (Syllabus) Anth 199: Paging Dr.
Darwin (Freshman Interest Group College Connections
Course) (Syllabus) Anth 270:
Introduction to Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
Anth 362: Human Biological Variation (Syllabus)
Anth 369: Human Growth & Development (Syllabus)
Anth 468/568: Evolutionary Theory (Syllabus) Anth 487/587:
Bioanthropology Methods (Syllabus) Anth 610: Current
Topics in Biological Anthropology (Syllabus) (Read more about
my courses and teaching philosophy) Research
Interests My research focuses on
human health and adaptation and sits at the intersection
of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional
sciences, epidemiology, and the behavioral sciences.
My research focuses on four main topics:
adaptation to environmental stressors such as extreme
2) The influence of economic and cultural change on
health, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes
3) Human/primate energetics and the evolution of the
4) The role of chronic psychosocial stress in shaping
health and disease (Read
more about my research interests) Collaborative
Field Research I am part of several
large collaborative research teams and am involved in
field research projects in northeastern Siberia (Indigenous
Siberian Health and Adaptation Project), the
Amazon region of Ecuador (The
Shuar Health and Life History Project), and
several locations within Oregon.
Since 2005, I've also been involved with the World
Health Organization's multi-country Study
Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), a longitudinal
study of health and well-being in older adults that
focuses on nationally representative samples in six
countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and
South Africa). More info on our SAGE efforts can be
found on the SAGE
Eugene Office Homepage.
Biology Research Laboratory I also direct a human
biology research laboratory, an
immunology/endocrinology biomarker lab, that focuses on the
development and application of minimally invasive
techniques (e.g., dried blood spots and saliva) for assessing health and
physiology in population-based research.
Recent News/Press Graduate student Theresa
Gildner was recently awarded a Wenner-Gren
Foundation grant ($20,000) for her dissertation project,
"Life history tradeoffs between testosterone and immune
function: Testing the immunocompetence handicap
hypothesis". (posted 4/27/16)
Graduate students Theresa Gildner and Melissa
Liebert presented posters at the recent Society
for Applied Anthropology meetings in Vancouver, BC.
Theresa presented on SAGE research ("Study on Global Ageing and
Adult Health (SAGE): Cross-Cultural Associations between
Self-Reported Well-Being and Diminished Physical
Performance among Older Adults") and Melissa presented
on the Shuar project ("Developing Cultural Consonance Models for
Shuar Children of Amazonian Ecuador"). (posted 4/3/16)
At the recent Biomarker Network meeting in Washington
DC, Geeta Eick reported on a dried blood spot
assay for apolipoprotein B that we've recently developed
in my lab. (posted 4/3/16)
I gave a talk as part of the OMSI Science Pub
series on March 10--the talk ("To Siberia and Beyond:
Studying Human Biologyand Health at the Edge of the
World") discussed the Indigenous Siberian Health and
Adaptation project. (posted 4/3/16)
I presented a paper ("Aging across countries and across
studies: The contribution of WHO SAGE", with Paul
Kowal) in a session on global aging at the recent
American Association for the Advancement of Science
(AAAS) meeting in Washington, DC. (posted 2/24/16)
Aaron Blackwell, who completed his PhD with me and
Larry Sugiyama in 2009 and is now an Assistant Professor
of Anthropology at UC Santa Barbara, had an article
("Helminth infection, fecundity, and age of first
pregnancy in women") in Science magazine on the effects
of parasitic worms on fertility. Here's the link
to the Science news piece on the article, which appeared
in the November 20, 2015 issue of the journal. (posted
Tara Cepon-Robins finished her PhD (June, 2015) as
part of the Shuar project ("Social
change, parasite exposure, and immune dysregulation
among the Shuar: A biocultural case-study in
and is now an Assistant
Professor of Anthropology at the University of
Colorado, Colorado Springs. (posted 8/3/15)
research was recently profiled by UO Advancement as part
of UO's ongoing $2 billion fundraising campaign. Most of
the video focuses on creating research opportunities for
undergraduates. Here's the link(posted 7/22/15)
News/Press Archive (Selected Stories) Our collaborative work
with the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) on the
effects of intimate partner violence on cortisol
rhythms was covered by the Oregonian/Oregon
Live and the UK's Daily
Mail, among other media outlets.
Our collaborative research on the evolution of
facial attractiveness, led by Isabel
Scott of Brunel University and Ian
Penton-Voak of the University of Bristol, was
profiled on the UO
website and picked up by the LA
Times, among other media outlets.
for a recent article on cold stress and
acclimatization from Discovery News--"Cold Weather's
Coming: Is Your Body Ready?"
Here's a link
to a story from UO's Around the O on a review article
I published in Annual Review of Anthropology
on the health of native northern populations.
for a recent news piece in Science about ecological
immunology research by the Shuar Health and Life History
Project and collaborators Thom McDade and Paula Tallman.
Click here for a
recent article from Science on the evolution of the
human diet, which discusses some of my research.
for a recent Room for Debate opinion piece from The New
York Times that discusses the effects of recent secular
trends in height and longevity, and responds to the
question "Do we want to be supersize humans?"
Bones and Behavior I'm also a
co-organizer (with Susan Anton of NYU) of the Bones and
Behavior Working Group, and I manage the website bonesandbehavior.org.
Our group is dedicated to fostering a greater synthesis
across biological anthropology with the specific aim of
developing integrative approaches to research questions
concerning human and primate adaptation.
Review or In Revision
Leonard WR, Streeter EA,
Squires EC, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI,
Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ.
Relationship between adiponectin levels and resting
metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. J
Clin Endocrin Metab.
McClure HH, Kowal P, Naidoo N,
Small J, Gildner TE, and Snodgrass JJ. Food
insecurity in relation to social, physical,
cognitive, and emotional challenges among older
adults in middle income nations. J Nutr.
Gildner TE, Liebert MA,
Capistrant BD, D'Este C, Snodgrass JJ, and Kowal P.
perceived income adequacy, self-rated health, and
overall quality of life in older adults from six
middle-income countries. J Gerontol Soc Sci.
Gildner TE, Cepon-Robins TJ,
Liebert MA, Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ, Madimenos FC,
and Sugiyama LS. Regional variation in helminth
infection by age cohort and sex: Health effects of
market integration among the indigenous Shuar of
Amazonian Ecuador. Trans Royal Soc Trop Med Hyg.
Blackwell AD, Trumble BC,
Suarez IM, Stieglitz J, Beheim B, Snodgrass JJ,
Kaplan H, and Gurven M. Immune function in Amazonian
horticulturalists. Ann Hum Biol.
Brand CM, Boose KJ, Squires EC,
Marchant LF, White FJ, Meinelt A, and Snodgrass JJ.
Hair plucking, stress, and urinary cortisol among
captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). Zoo Biology.
Schrock JM, McClure HH,
Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Charlton K, Arokiasamy P,
Naidoo N, and Kowal P. Social disparities in food
insecurity and body composition among older adults
in India: The effects of socioeconomic status,
caste, and religion in the Study on global AGEing
and adult health (SAGE). Public Health Nutrition.
Urlacher SS, Liebert MA,
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner
TE, Madimenos FC, Amir D, Bribiescas RG, and
Sugiyama LS. Heterogeneous effects of market
integration on subadult growth and nutritional
status among the Amazonian Shuar. Ann Hum Biol.
Capistrant BD, Charlton K,
Snodgrass JJ, and Kowal P. Do determinants of
hypertension status vary between Ghana and South
Africa? Study on global AGEing and adult health. J
Raichlen DA, Pontzer H, Harris
J, Mabulla AZP, Marlowe FW, Snodgrass JJ, Eick G,
Berbesque JC, Sancilio A, Wood BM. Physical activity
patterns and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease
risk in hunter-gatherers. Am J Hum Biol.
Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya U,
Kowal P, Capistrant BD, Gildner TE, Thiele E,
Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Mensah G, Maximova T, Wu F,
Guo Y, Zheng Y, Kalula S, Salinas Rodriguez A,
Manrique-Espinoza B, Liebert MA, Eick G, Sterner KN,
Barrett TM, Duedu K, Gonzales E, Ng N, Negin J,
Jiang Y, Byles J, Madurai L, Minicuci N, Snodgrass
JJ, and Naidoo N. Chronic non-communicable diseases
in six low and middle-income countries: findings
from WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health
(SAGE) Wave 1. Am J Epidemiol, in press.
Eick G, Urlacher SS, McDade TW,
Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. Validation of an
optimized ELISA for quantitative assessment of
Epstein-Barr virus antibodies from dried blood
spots. Biodemog Social Bio, in press.
Levy SB, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. Lifestyle
mediates seasonal changes in metabolic health among
the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum
Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Schrock
JM, Cepon-Robins TJ, Mathur A, Agarwal H, Kowal P,
and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Physical function and
activity among older adults in Jodhpur, India. Ann
Hum Biol, in press. (link
Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA,
Cepon-Robins TJ, Barrett TM, Mathur A, Chatterji S,
and Kowal P. 2016. Accelerometer-measured physical
activity among older adults in urban India: Results
of a Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)
sub-study. Am J Hum Biol 28, in press. (link
Streeter EA, Squires EC,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI,
Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ.
hemoglobin, and cardiovascular risk in an indigenous
Siberian population. Am J Hum Biol 28, in press. (link
Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins
TJ, Gildner TE, and Sugiyama LS. The application of
knemometry to measure childhood short-term growth
among the indigenous Shuar of Ecuador. Am J Phys
Anthropol, in press. (link
Urlacher SS, Blackwell AD,
Liebert MA, Madimenos FC, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner
TE, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. Physical
Growth of the Shuar: Height, Weight, and BMI Growth
References for an Indigenous Amazonian Population.
Am J Hum Biol 28: 16-30. (link
Kowal P, Arokiasamy P, Afshar
S, Pati S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Multimorbidity:
Health care that counts past one for 1.2 billion
older adults. Lancet 385: 2252-2253.
Valeggia CR, Snodgrass JJ.
2015. Health of indigenous peoples. Annu Rev
Anthropol 44: 117-135. (link
Gildner TE, Barrett TM, Liebert
MA, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. Does BMI generated by
self-reported height and weight measure up in older
adults? Results from the Study on global AGEing and
adult health (SAGE). BMC Obesity 2: 44.
Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya,
Jain K, Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Fan W, Guo Y,
Maximova T, Espinoza BM, Salinas-Rodriguez A, Afshar
S, Pati S, Ice G, Banerjee S, Liebert MA, Snodgrass
JJ, Naidoo N, Chatterji S, and Kowal P. 2015. The
impact of multimorbidity on adult physical and
mental health in low- and middle-income countries:
what does the Study on global AGEing and adult
health (SAGE) reveal? BMC Medicine 13: 178.
Kim HK, Tiberio SS, Capaldi DM,
Shortt JW., Squires EC, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015.
Intimate partner violence and diurnal cortisol
patterns in couples. Psychoneuroendocrinology 51: 35-46.
Wu F, Guo Y, Chatterji S, Zheng
Y, Naidoo N, Jiang Y, Biritwum R, Yawson A, Minicuci
N, Rodriguez A, Espinoza B, Maximova T, Peltzer K,
Phaswanamafuya N, Snodgrass JJ, Thiele E, Ng N, and
Kowal P. 2015. Common risk factors for chronic
non-communicable diseases among older adults in
China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South
Africa: The Study on global AGEing and adult health
(SAGE) Wave 1. BMC Public Health 15: 88.
McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ,
Martinez CR, Squires EC, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE,
Eddy JM, and McDade TW. 2015. Stress, place, and
allostatic load among Mexican immigrant farmworkers
in Oregon. J Immigr Minor Health 17: 1518-1525.
McClure HH, Shortt JW, Eddy JM,
Holmes A, van Uum S, Russell E, Koren G, Sheeber L,
Davis B, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR. 2015.
Associations among mother-child contact, parenting
stress, and mother and child adjustment related to
incarceration. In: J. Poehlmann-Tynan (ed.)
Children's Contact with Incarcerated Parents:
Implications for Policy and Intervention.
Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, pp.
Rivas Marino G, Negin J,
Snodgrass JJ, Salinas Rodriguez A, Espinoza BSM, and
Kowal P. 2015. Body mass index, physical activity
and associated factors among older adults in Mexico:
An analysis of the Study on global AGEing and adult
health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 27: 326-333.
Madimenos FC, Liebert MA,
Cepon-Robins TJ, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS.
2015. Determining osteoporosis risk in older Colono
adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using calcaneal
ultrasonometry. Am J Hum Biol 27: 139-142.
Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ.
2015. Do physical activity and sedentary behavior
relate to cardio-metabolic risk factor clustering in
indigenous Siberian adults? Am J Hum Biol 27:
Scott IM, Clark AP, Josephson
SC, Boyette A, Cuthill I, Fried R, Gibson M, Hewlett
B, Jamieson M, Jankowiak W, Honey PL, Huang Z,
Liebert MA, Purzycki BG, Shaver J, Snodgrass JJ,
Sosis R, Sugiyama LS, Swami V, Yu DW, Zhao Y, and
Penton-Voak IS. 2014. Human preferences for sexually
dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel. PNAS
Peltzer K, Hewlett S, Yawson
AE, Moynihan P, Preet R, Wu F, Arokiasamy P,
Snodgrass JJ, Chatterji S, Engelstad M, Kowal P, and
Guo YF. 2014. Prevalence of loss of all teeth
(edentulism) and associated factors in older adults
in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South
Africa. Int J Env Res Public Health 11: 11308-11324.
Peltzer K, Williams JS, Kowal
P, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Yawson AE, Minicuci N,
Thiele EA, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Biritwum R, and
Chatterji, S. 2014. Universal health coverage in
emerging economies: Findings on health care
utilization by older adults in China, Ghana, India,
Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa.
Glob Health Act 7: 25314.
Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Kowal
P, Chatterji S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Sleep
duration, sleep quality, and body composition
among older adults from six middle-income countries:
Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult
health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 26: 803-812.
Cepon TJ, Liebert MA, Gildner
TE, Urlacher SS, Colehour AM, Snodgrass JJ,
Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. 2014.
Soil-transmitted helminth prevalence and infection
intensity among geographically and economically
distinct Shuar communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon.
J Parasitol 100:
Colehour AM, Meadow JF, Liebert
MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, Urlacher SS,
Bohannan BJM, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2014.
Local domestication of lactic acid bacteria via
cassava beer fermentation. PeerJ 2:e479.
Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ.
2014. Objectively measured physical activity and
sedentary behaviour of Yakut (Sakha) adults. Ann Hum
Biol 41: 180-186.
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Madimenos FC, Cepon TJ,
and Sugiyama LS. 2013. Implications of market
integration for cardiovascular and metabolic health
among an indigenous Amazonian Ecuadorian population.
Ann Hum Biol 40: 228-242.
Leonard WR, Levy SB, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Seasonal
variation in basal metabolic rates among the Yakut
(Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 26:
Snodgrass JJ. 2013. Health of
indigenous circumpolar populations. Annu Rev
Anthropol 42: 69-87.
2012. Human energetics. In: Stinson et al. (eds.) Human Biology: An
Evolutionary and Biocultural Approach (2nd
Edition). New York: Wiley, pp. 327-386.
Kowal P, Chatterji S, Naidoo N,
Biritwum R, Wu F, Lopez Ridaura R, Maximova T,
Arokiasamy P, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Williams SR,
Snodgrass JJ, Minicuci N, D'Este C, Boerma JT. 2012.
Cohort profile: The WHO Study on global AGEing and
adult health (SAGE). Int J Epidemiol 41: 1639-1649.
Anton SC and Snodgrass JJ.
2012. Origin and evolution of genus Homo: A new
perspective. Curr Anthropol 53 (Supplement 6):
Tallman PS, Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ,
Sugiyama L, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Analysis of
variability of high sensitivity C-reactive protein
in lowland Ecuador reveals no evidence of chronic
low-grade inflammation. Am J Hum Biol 24: 675-681.
Robertson ML, Snodgrass JJ. 2010. What did humans
evolve to eat? Metabolic implications of major
trends in hominid evolution. In: Moffat and Prowse
(eds.) Human Diet
and Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective: Past
Meets Present. New York: Berghahn Books,
Snodgrass JJ and
Leonard WR. 2009. Neandertal energetics revisited:
Insights into population dynamics and life history
evolution. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 220-237.
Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Leonard WR. 2007. Adaptive
dimensions of health research among indigenous
Siberians. Am J Hum Biol 19: 165-180. (cover
Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ. 2007. What a drop can do:
Dried blood spots as a minimally-invasive method for
integrating biomarkers in population-based research.
Demography 44: 899-925.
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Schoeller DA. 2006. Total
energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia
as measured by the doubly labeled water
method. Am J Clin Nutr 84: 798-806.
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin
VG. 2005. Basal metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha)
of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 17: 155-172. (cover
to Publication Archive) Note: All
articles are the sole copyright of the respective
publishers. Materials are provided for
educational use only.