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josh snodgrass in siberia    

J. Josh Snodgrass, Ph.D.

Department of Anthropology

University of Oregon
1321 Kincaid Street
Eugene, OR  97403

Associate Vice Provost for
  Undergraduate Studies
Division of Undergraduate Studies
5256 University of Oregon
Eugene, OR  97403
Office: 372 Oregon Hall

E-mail: jjosh@uoregon.edu

Human Biology Research Lab
Center for Medical Education
  Research (Labs 104 & 205)

Sacred Heart Medical Center
University District Hospital
722 E. 11th Avenue

Eugene, OR  97401

Directions to the lab

Spring 2016 Office Hours
Mondays 3-5
& by appointment
(372 Oregon Hall)
Links to Information on Publications, Research Interests, and Teaching
Research Interests
Snodgrass Human Biology Research Laboratory
Undergraduate Teaching and Mentoring
Shuar Health and Life History Project
Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation Project
WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)--UO Office
Bones and Behavior Project

Primary Academic Appointments at UO
Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon
Associate Vice Provost for Undergraduate Studies, University of Oregon

Other Positions at UO

Richard A. Bray Faculty Fellow, University of Oregon (2014-2017)
Co-Director, Center for Global Health, University of Oregon (2016-)
Director, Human Biology Research Laboratory, University of Oregon (since 2007)
Selected Professional Positions

Vice President, American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2016-2018)
Book Review Editor and Editorial Board Member, American Journal of Human Biology (2013-2016)
Advisor, Multi-Country Studies Unit, World Health Organization (since 2005)
Affiliated Scientist, Oregon Social Learning Center (since 2010)

Areas of Specialization
Human Biology; Human Nutrition & Energetics; Evolutionary Medicine; Global Health; Growth & Development; Aging; Biomarkers of Physiology and Health; Human Skeletal Biology


NIA Postdoctoral Fellow, Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago (2004-2005)
Ph.D., Anthropology, Northwestern University (2004)
M.A., Anthropology, University of Florida (1998)
B.A., Anthropology, UC Santa Cruz

Recent Awards
Outstanding Faculty Advising Award (Certificate of Merit Recipient), National Academic Advising
   Association, 2015 (coverage by Around the O)
University of Oregon Outstanding Faculty Advisor Award, 2014 (coverage by Around the O)
Human Biology Association's
Michael A. Little Early Career Award, 2013
Elected as
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013
Scientist to Watch in August issue of The Scientist magazine, 2013 (see profile and UO coverage)
University of Oregon Williams Fellow for distinguished undergraduate teaching, 2012
University of Oregon Faculty Excellence Award in recognition of outstanding research and leadership, 2012
PeaceHealth/Sacred Heart Medical Foundation Clinical Research Recognition Award, 2011


Anth 175: Evolutionary Medicine (
Anth 199: Paging Dr. Darwin (Freshman Interest Group College Connections Course) (Syllabus)
Anth 270: Introduction to Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
Anth 362: Human Biological Variation (
Anth 369: Human Growth & Development (
Anth 468/568: Evolutionary Theory (
Anth 487/587: Bioanthropology Methods (Syllabus)
Anth 610: Current Topics in Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)

(Read more about my courses and teaching philosophy)

Research Interests
My research focuses on human health and adaptation and sits at the intersection of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional sciences, epidemiology, and the behavioral sciences.

My research focuses on four main topics:
Human adaptation to environmental stressors such as extreme cold
2) The influence of economic and cultural change on health, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes
3) Human/primate energetics and the evolution of the human diet
4) The role of chronic psychosocial stress in shaping health and disease
(Read more about my research interests)

Collaborative Field Research
I am part of several large collaborative research teams and am involved in field research projects in northeastern Siberia (Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation Project), the Amazon region of Ecuador (The Shuar Health and Life History Project), and several locations within Oregon.

the indigenous siberian health and adaptation

shuar project logo

Since 2005, I've also been involved with the World Health Organization's multi-country Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), a longitudinal study of health and well-being in older adults that focuses on nationally representative samples in six countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa). More info on our SAGE efforts can be found on the SAGE Eugene Office Homepage.

who     who sage

Human Biology Research Laboratory
I also direct a human biology research laboratory, an immunology/endocrinology biomarker lab, that focuses on the development and application of minimally invasive techniques (e.g., dried blood spots and saliva) for assessing health and physiology in population-based research.

cmer     cmer lab

Recent News/Press
Geeta Eick and I are part of a collaborative research team at UO, led by psychologist Jeff Measelle (and including Dare Baldwin and Geraldine Richmond), that recently received a UO Incubating Interdisciplinary Initiatives (I3) award for our project, "Neuroimaging
approaches to studying the neurodevelopmental effects of malnutrition in southeast Asia". (posted 5/22/16)

Graduate student Theresa Gildner was recently awarded a Wenner-Gren Foundation grant ($20,000) for her dissertation project, "Life history tradeoffs between testosterone and immune function: Testing the immunocompetence handicap hypothesis". (posted 4/27/16)

Graduate students Theresa Gildner and Melissa Liebert presented posters at the recent Society for Applied Anthropology meetings in Vancouver, BC. Theresa presented on SAGE research ("
Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE): Cross-Cultural Associations between Self-Reported Well-Being and Diminished Physical Performance among Older Adults") and Melissa presented on the Shuar project ("Developing Cultural Consonance Models for Shuar Children of Amazonian Ecuador"). (posted 4/3/16)

At the recent Biomarker Network meeting in Washington DC, Geeta Eick reported on a dried blood spot assay for apolipoprotein B that we've recently developed in my lab. (posted 4/3/16)

I gave a talk as part of the OMSI Science Pub series on March 10--the talk ("
To Siberia and Beyond: Studying Human Biology and Health at the Edge of the World") discussed the Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation project. (posted 4/3/16)

I presented a paper ("Aging across countries and across studies: The contribution of WHO SAGE", with Paul Kowal) in a session on global aging at the recent American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting in Washington, DC. (posted 2/24/16)

Aaron Blackwell
, who completed his PhD with me and Larry Sugiyama in 2009 and is now an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at UC Santa Barbara, had an article ("Helminth infection, fecundity, and age of first pregnancy in women") in Science magazine on the effects of parasitic worms on fertility. Here's the link to the Science news piece on the article, which appeared in the November 20, 2015 issue of the journal. (posted 11/25/15)

My Siberia research was recently profiled by UO Advancement as part of UO's ongoing $2 billion fundraising campaign. Most of the video focuses on creating research opportunities for undergraduates. Here's the link (posted 7/22/15)

                      snodgrass -- university of oregon profiles in

News/Press Archive (Selected Stories)

Our collaborative work with the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) on the effects of intimate partner violence on cortisol rhythms was covered by the Oregonian/Oregon Live and the UK's Daily Mail, among other media outlets.

Our collaborative research on the evolution of facial attractiveness, led by Isabel Scott of Brunel University and Ian Penton-Voak of the University of Bristol, was profiled on the UO website and picked up by the LA Times, among other media outlets. 

Our work on sleep and cognitive function based on the SAGE project was profiled on the UO website, and was picked up by several media outlets such as Huffington Post and NPR (recorded by KLCC and aired on Morning Edition and All Things Considered).

Click here for a recent article on cold stress and acclimatization from Discovery News--"Cold Weather's Coming: Is Your Body Ready?"

Here's a link to a story from UO's Around the O on a review article I published in Annual Review of Anthropology on the health of native northern populations.

Click here for a recent news piece in Science about ecological immunology research by the Shuar Health and Life History Project and collaborators Thom McDade and Paula Tallman.

Click here for a recent article from Science on the evolution of the human diet, which discusses some of my research.

Click here for a recent Room for Debate opinion piece from The New York Times that discusses the effects of recent secular trends in height and longevity, and responds to the question "Do we want to be supersize humans?"

Current Research Projects
Bones and Behavior
I'm also a co-organizer (with Susan Anton of NYU) of the Bones and Behavior Working Group, and I manage the website bonesandbehavior.org. Our group is dedicated to fostering a greater synthesis across biological anthropology with the specific aim of developing integrative approaches to research questions concerning human and primate adaptation.

bones and behavior monkey pic     bones and behavior sitting height     bones and behavior trudy pic

Papers Under Review or In Revision
  • Leonard WR, Streeter EA, Squires EC, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. Relationship between adiponectin levels and resting metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. J Clin Endocrin Metab.
  • McClure HH, Kowal P, Naidoo N, Small J, Gildner TE, and Snodgrass JJ. Food insecurity in relation to social, physical, cognitive, and emotional challenges among older adults in middle income nations. J Nutr.
  • Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Capistrant BD, D'Este C, Snodgrass JJ, and Kowal P. Associations between perceived income adequacy, self-rated health, and overall quality of life in older adults from six middle-income countries. J Gerontol Soc Sci.
  • Gildner TE, Cepon-Robins TJ, Liebert MA, Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ, Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. Regional variation in helminth infection by age cohort and sex: Health effects of market integration among the indigenous Shuar of Amazonian Ecuador. J Helminthology.
  • Brand CM, Boose KJ, Squires EC, Marchant LF, White FJ, Meinelt A, and Snodgrass JJ. Hair plucking, stress, and urinary cortisol among captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). Zoo Biology.
  • Schrock JM, McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Charlton K, Arokiasamy P, Naidoo N, and Kowal P. Social disparities in food insecurity and body composition among older adults in India: The effects of socioeconomic status, caste, and religion in the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Pub Health Nutr.
  • Capistrant BD, Charlton K, Snodgrass JJ, and Kowal P. Do determinants of hypertension status vary between Ghana and South Africa? Study on global AGEing and adult health. J Hypertension.
  • Raichlen DA, Pontzer H, Harris J, Mabulla AZP, Marlowe FW, Snodgrass JJ, Eick G, Berbesque JC, Sancilio A, Wood BM. Physical activity patterns and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk in hunter-gatherers. Am J Hum Biol.
Forthcoming Papers
  • Urlacher SS, Liebert MA, Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, Madimenos FC, Amir D, Bribiescas RG, and Sugiyama LS. Heterogeneous effects of market integration on subadult growth and nutritional status among the Amazonian Shuar. Ann Hum Biol, in press.
  • Blackwell AD, Trumble BC, Suarez IM, Stieglitz J, Beheim B, Snodgrass JJ, Kaplan H, and Gurven M. Immune function in Amazonian horticulturalists. Ann Hum Biol, in press.
  • Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya U, Kowal P, Capistrant BD, Gildner TE, Thiele E, Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Mensah G, Maximova T, Wu F, Guo Y, Zheng Y, Kalula S, Salinas Rodriguez A, Manrique-Espinoza B, Liebert MA, Eick G, Sterner KN, Barrett TM, Duedu K, Gonzales E, Ng N, Negin J, Jiang Y, Byles J, Madurai L, Minicuci N, Snodgrass JJ, and Naidoo N. Chronic non-communicable diseases in six low and middle-income countries: findings from WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 1. Am J Epidemiol, in press.
  • Eick G, Urlacher SS, McDade TW, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. Validation of an optimized ELISA for quantitative assessment of Epstein-Barr virus antibodies from dried blood spots. Biodemog Social Bio, in press.
  • Levy SB, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. Lifestyle mediates seasonal changes in metabolic health among the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum Biol, in press.
  • Biritwum RB, Minicuci N, Yawson AE, Theou O, Mensah GP, Naidoo N, Wu F, Guo Y, Zheng Y, Jiang Y, Maximova T, Kalula S, Arokiasamy P, Salinas-Rodriguez A, Manrique-Espinoza B, Snodgrass JJ, Sterner KN, Eick G, Liebert MA, Schrock J, Afshar S, Thiele E, Vollmer S, Harttgen K, Strulik H, Byles JE, Rockwood K, Mitnitski A, Chatterji S, and Kowal P. Prevalence of and factors associated with frailty and disability in older adults from China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Maturitas, in press.
  • Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Schrock JM, Cepon-Robins TJ, Mathur A, Agarwal H, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Physical function and activity among older adults in Jodhpur, India. Ann Hum Biol, in press. (link to paper)
  • Streeter EA, Squires EC, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Adiponectin, hemoglobin, and cardiovascular risk in an indigenous Siberian population. Am J Hum Biol 28, in press. (link to paper)
Recent Publications (Publication Archive) (Google Scholar Link)
  • Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. The application of knemometry to measure childhood short-term growth among the indigenous Shuar of Ecuador. Am J Phys Anthropol 160: 353-357. (link to paper)
  • Urlacher SS, Blackwell AD, Liebert MA, Madimenos FC, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. Physical Growth of the Shuar: Height, Weight, and BMI Growth References for an Indigenous Amazonian Population. Am J Hum Biol 28: 16-30. (link to paper)
  • Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Barrett TM, Mathur A, Chatterji S, and Kowal P. 2016. Accelerometer-measured physical activity among older adults in urban India: Results of a Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) sub-study. Am J Hum Biol 28, 412-420. (link to paper)
  • Kowal P, Arokiasamy P, Afshar S, Pati S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Multimorbidity: Health care that counts past one for 1.2 billion older adults. Lancet 385: 2252-2253. pdfpic
  • Valeggia CR, Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Health of indigenous peoples. Annu Rev Anthropol 44: 117-135. (link to paper)
  • Gildner TE, Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. Does BMI generated by self-reported height and weight measure up in older adults? Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). BMC Obesity 2: 44. pdfpic
  • Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya, Jain K, Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Fan W, Guo Y, Maximova T, Espinoza BM, Salinas-Rodriguez A, Afshar S, Pati S, Ice G, Banerjee S, Liebert MA, Snodgrass JJ, Naidoo N, Chatterji S, and Kowal P. 2015. The impact of multimorbidity on adult physical and mental health in low- and middle-income countries: what does the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) reveal? BMC Medicine 13: 178. pdfpic
  • Kim HK, Tiberio SS, Capaldi DM, Shortt JW., Squires EC, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Intimate partner violence and diurnal cortisol patterns in couples. Psychoneuroendocrinology 51: 35-46. pdfpic
  • Wu F, Guo Y, Chatterji S, Zheng Y, Naidoo N, Jiang Y, Biritwum R, Yawson A, Minicuci N, Rodriguez A, Espinoza B, Maximova T, Peltzer K, Phaswanamafuya N, Snodgrass JJ, Thiele E, Ng N, and Kowal P. 2015. Common risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among older adults in China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South Africa: The Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 1. BMC Public Health 15: 88. pdfpic
  • McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ, Martinez CR, Squires EC, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE, Eddy JM, and McDade TW. 2015. Stress, place, and allostatic load among Mexican immigrant farmworkers in Oregon. J Immigr Minor Health 17: 1518-1525. pdfpic
  • McClure HH, Shortt JW, Eddy JM, Holmes A, van Uum S, Russell E, Koren G, Sheeber L, Davis B, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR. 2015. Associations among mother-child contact, parenting stress, and mother and child adjustment related to incarceration. In: J. Poehlmann-Tynan (ed.) Children's Contact with Incarcerated Parents: Implications for Policy and Intervention. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, pp. 58-82. pdfpic
  • Rivas Marino G, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Salinas Rodriguez A, Espinoza BSM, and Kowal P. 2015. Body mass index, physical activity and associated factors among older adults in Mexico: An analysis of the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 27: 326-333. pdfpic
  • Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2015. Determining osteoporosis risk in older Colono adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using calcaneal ultrasonometry. Am J Hum Biol 27: 139-142. pdfpic
  • Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Do physical activity and sedentary behavior relate to cardio-metabolic risk factor clustering in indigenous Siberian adults? Am J Hum Biol 27: 149-156. pdfpic
  • Scott IM, Clark AP, Josephson SC, Boyette A, Cuthill I, Fried R, Gibson M, Hewlett B, Jamieson M, Jankowiak W, Honey PL, Huang Z, Liebert MA, Purzycki BG, Shaver J, Snodgrass JJ, Sosis R, Sugiyama LS, Swami V, Yu DW, Zhao Y, and Penton-Voak IS. 2014. Human preferences for sexually dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel. PNAS 111: 14388-14393. pdfpic
  • Peltzer K, Hewlett S, Yawson AE, Moynihan P, Preet R, Wu F, Arokiasamy P, Snodgrass JJ, Chatterji S, Engelstad M, Kowal P, and Guo YF. 2014. Prevalence of loss of all teeth (edentulism) and associated factors in older adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Int J Env Res Public Health 11: 11308-11324. pdfpic
  • Peltzer K, Williams JS, Kowal P, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Yawson AE, Minicuci N, Thiele EA, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Biritwum R, and Chatterji, S. 2014. Universal health coverage in emerging economies: Findings on health care utilization by older adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa. Glob Health Act 7: 25314. pdfpic
  • Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Kowal P, Chatterji S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Sleep duration, sleep  quality, and body composition among older adults from six middle-income countries: Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 26: 803-812. pdfpic
  • Cepon TJ, Liebert MA, Gildner TE, Urlacher SS, Colehour AM, Snodgrass JJ, Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. 2014. Soil-transmitted helminth prevalence and infection intensity among geographically and economically distinct Shuar communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon. J Parasitol 100: 598-607. pdfpic
  • Colehour AM, Meadow JF, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, Urlacher SS, Bohannan BJM, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2014. Local domestication of lactic acid bacteria via cassava beer fermentation. PeerJ 2:e479. pdfpic
  • Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Yakut (Sakha) adults. Ann Hum Biol 41: 180-186. pdfpic
Selected Publications (Publication Archive)
  • Liebert MA, Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Madimenos FC, Cepon TJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2013. Implications of market integration for cardiovascular and metabolic health among an indigenous Amazonian Ecuadorian population. Ann Hum Biol 40: 228-242. pdfpic
  • Leonard WR, Levy SB, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Seasonal variation in basal metabolic rates among the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 26: 437-445. pdfpic
  • Snodgrass JJ. 2013. Health of indigenous circumpolar populations. Annu Rev Anthropol 42: 69-87. pdfpic
  • Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Human energetics. In: Stinson et al. (eds.) Human Biology: An Evolutionary and Biocultural Approach (2nd Edition). New York: Wiley, pp. 327-386. pdfpic
  • Kowal P, Chatterji S, Naidoo N, Biritwum R, Wu F, Lopez Ridaura R, Maximova T, Arokiasamy P, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ, Minicuci N, D'Este C, Boerma JT. 2012. Cohort profile: The WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Int J Epidemiol 41: 1639-1649. pdfpic
  • Anton SC and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Origin and evolution of genus Homo: A new perspective. Curr Anthropol 53 (Supplement 6): S479-S496. pdfpic
  • McDade TW, Tallman PS, Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ, Sugiyama L, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Analysis of variability of high sensitivity C-reactive protein in lowland Ecuador reveals no evidence of chronic low-grade inflammation. Am J Hum Biol 24: 675-681. pdfpic
  • Leonard WR, Robertson ML, Snodgrass JJ. 2010. What did humans evolve to eat? Metabolic implications of major trends in hominid evolution. In: Moffat and Prowse (eds.) Human Diet and Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective: Past Meets Present. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 13-34. pdfpic
  • Snodgrass JJ and Leonard WR. 2009. Neandertal energetics revisited: Insights into population dynamics and life history evolution. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 220-237.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Leonard WR. 2007. Adaptive dimensions of health research among indigenous Siberians. Am J Hum Biol 19: 165-180. (cover photo)
  • McDade TW, Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ. 2007. What a drop can do: Dried blood spots as a minimally-invasive method for integrating biomarkers in population-based research. Demography 44: 899-925.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Schoeller DA. 2006. Total energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia as measured by the doubly labeled water method.  Am J Clin Nutr 84: 798-806.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin VG. 2005. Basal metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 17: 155-172. (cover photo)
(Go to Publication Archive)

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