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josh snodgrass the scientist

J. Josh Snodgrass, Ph.D.

Department of Anthropology

University of Oregon
1321 Kincaid Street
Eugene, OR  97403

Office: 354 Condon Hall
Office Phone: 541-346-4823

Spring 2015 Office Hours
Mon. and Wed. @ 10-11 & by appt.
(Office hours @ Espresso Roma
on 13th)


E-mail: jjosh@uoregon.edu

Center for Medical Education        

   and Research (104 & 215/216)
Sacred Heart Medical Center 
722 E. 11th Avenue

Eugene, OR  97401

Lab Phone: 541-346-0849

Directions to the lab

Links to Information on Publications, Research Interests, and Teaching
Research Interests
Snodgrass Human Biology Research Laboratory
Undergraduate Teaching and Mentoring
Shuar Health and Life History Project
Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation Project
WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)--UO Office
Bones and Behavior Project

Primary Academic Appointment
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon

Selected Other Positions
Richard A. Bray Faculty Fellow, University of Oregon (2014-2017)
Executive Committee & Membership Chair, American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2013-2016)
Book Review Editor, American Journal of Human Biology (2013-2016)
Director, Human Biology Research Laboratory, University of Oregon (since 2007)
Advisor, Multi-Country Studies Unit, World Health Organization (since 2005)
Affiliated Scientist, Oregon Social Learning Center (since 2010)

Areas of Specialization
Human Biology; Human Nutrition & Energetics; Evolutionary Medicine; Global Health; Growth & Development; Aging; Biomarkers of Physiology and Health; Human Skeletal Biology


NIA Postdoctoral Fellow, Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago (2004-2005)
Ph.D., Anthropology, Northwestern University (2004)
M.A., Anthropology, University of Florida (1998)
B.A., Anthropology, UC Santa Cruz

Recent Awards
University of Oregon Outstanding Faculty Advisor Award, 2014 (coverage by Around the O)
Human Biology Association's
Michael A. Little Early Career Award, 2013
Elected as
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013
Scientist to Watch in August issue of The Scientist magazine, 2013 (see profile and UO coverage)
University of Oregon Williams Fellow for distinguished undergraduate teaching, 2012
University of Oregon Faculty Excellence Award in recognition of outstanding research and leadership, 2012
PeaceHealth/Sacred Heart Medical Foundation Clinical Research Recognition Award, 2011


Anth 175: Evolutionary Medicine (
Anth 199: Paging Dr. Darwin (Freshman Interest Group College Connections Course) (Syllabus)
Anth 270: Introduction to Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
Anth 362: Human Biological Variation (
Anth 369: Human Growth & Development (
Anth 468/568: Evolutionary Theory (
Anth 487/587: Bioanthropology Methods (Syllabus)
Anth 610: Current Topics in Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)

(Read more about my courses and teaching philosophy)

Research Interests
My research focuses on human health and adaptation and sits at the intersection of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional sciences, epidemiology, and the behavioral sciences.

My research focuses on four main topics:
Human adaptation to environmental stressors such as extreme cold
2) The influence of economic and cultural change on health, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes
3) Human/primate energetics and the evolution of the human diet
4) The role of chronic psychosocial stress in shaping health and disease
(Read more about my research interests)

Collaborative Field Research
I am part of several large collaborative research teams and am involved in field research projects in northeastern Siberia (Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation Project), the Amazon region of Ecuador (The Shuar Health and Life History Project), and several locations within Oregon.

the indigenous siberian health and adaptation

shuar project logo

Since 2005, I've also been involved with the World Health Organization's multi-country Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), a longitudinal study of health and well-being in older adults that focuses on nationally representative samples in six countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa).

who     who sage

Human Biology Research Laboratory
I also direct a human biology research laboratory that focuses on the development and application of minimally invasive techniques (e.g., dried blood spots and saliva) for assessing health and physiology in population-based research.

cmer     cmer lab

Recent Press
Our collaborative work with the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) on the effects of intimate partner violence on cortisol rhythms was covered by the Oregonian/Oregon Live and the UK's Daily Mail, among other media outlets.

Our collaborative research on the evolution of facial attractiveness, led by Isabel Scott of Brunel University and Ian Penton-Voak of the University of Bristol, was profiled on the UO website and picked up by the LA Times, among other media outlets. 

Our work on sleep and cognitive function based on the SAGE project was profiled on the UO website, and was picked up by several media outlets such as Huffington Post and NPR (recorded by KLCC and aired on Morning Edition and All Things Considered).

Click here for a recent article on cold stress and acclimatization from Discovery News--"Cold Weather's Coming: Is Your Body Ready?"

Here's a link to a story from UO's Around the O on a review article I published in Annual Review of Anthropology on the health of native northern populations.

Click here for a recent news piece in Science about ecological immunology research by the Shuar Health and Life History Project and collaborators Thom McDade and Paula Tallman.

Click here for a recent article from Science on the evolution of the human diet, which discusses some of my research.

Click here for a recent Room for Debate opinion piece from The New York Times that discusses the effects of recent secular trends in height and longevity, and responds to the question "Do we want to be supersize humans?"

Current Research Projects
Bones and Behavior
I'm also a co-organizer (with Susan Antón of NYU) of the Bones and Behavior Working Group, and I manage the website bonesandbehavior.org. Our group is dedicated to fostering a greater synthesis across biological anthropology with the specific aim of developing integrative approaches to research questions concerning human and primate adaptation.

bones and behavior monkey pic     bones and behavior sitting height     bones and behavior trudy pic

Papers Under Review or In Revision
  • Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Mathur A, Kowal P, and Chatterji S. Physical activity and health among older adults in an urban setting in India: Results of a SAGE sub-study using accelerometry. Am J Hum Biol.
  • Streeter EA, Squires EC, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. Tissue hypoxia, adiponectin dysregulation, and hemoglobin levels among the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol.
  • Leonard WR, Streeter EA, Squires EC, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. Relationship between adiponectin levels and resting metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. J Clin Endocrin Metab.
  • McClure HH, Kowal P, Naidoo N, Small J, Gildner TE, and Snodgrass JJ. Food insecurity in relation to social, physical, cognitive, and emotional challenges among older adults in middle income nations. J Nutr.
  • Valeggia CR, Snodgrass JJ. Health of indigenous peoples. Annu Rev Anthropol (Invited contribution for Volume 44, 2015)
  • Urlacher SS, Blackwell AD, Liebert MA, Madimenos FC, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. Physical Growth of the Shuar: Height, Weight, and BMI Growth References for an Indigenous Amazonian Population. Am J Hum Biol.
  • Gildner TE, Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. Does BMI generated by self-reported height and weight measure up in older adults? Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). PLoS ONE.
  • Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Schrock JM, Cepon-Robins TJ, Mathur A, Agarwal H, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. Physical function and activity among older adults in Jodhpur, India. Ann Hum Biol.
Forthcoming Papers

  • McClure HH, Shortt JW, Eddy JM, Holmes A, van Uum S, Russell E, Koren G, Sheeber L, Davis B, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR. Mother-child contact and maternal hair cortisol and adjustment during and following incarceration. Adv Child Family Policy.
Recent Publications (Publication Archive)(Google Scholar Link)
  • Kim HK, Tiberio SS, Capaldi DM, Shortt JW., Squires EC, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Intimate partner violence and diurnal cortisol patterns in couples. Psychoneuroendocrinology 51: 35-46. (link to article)
  • Wu F, Guo Y, Chatterji S, Zheng Y, Naidoo N, Jiang Y, Biritwum R, Yawson A, Minicuci N, Rodriguez A, Espinoza B, Maximova T, Peltzer K, Phaswanamafuya N, Snodgrass JJ, Thiele E, Ng N, and Kowal P. 2015. Common risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among older adults in China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South Africa: The Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 1. BMC Public Health 15: 88. (link to article)
  • McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ, Martinez CR, Squires EC, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE, Eddy JM, and McDade TW. Stress, place, and allostatic load among Mexican immigrant farmworkers in Oregon. J Immigr Minor Health. (link to article)
  • Rivas Marino G, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Salinas Rodriguez A, Espinoza BSM, and Kowal P. 2015. Body mass index, physical activity and associated factors among older adults in Mexico: An analysis of the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 27, in press. (link to article)
  • Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2015. Determining osteoporosis risk in older Colono adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using calcaneal ultrasonometry. Am J Hum Biol 27: 139-142. (link to article)
  • Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Do physical activity and sedentary behavior relate to cardio-metabolic risk factor clustering in indigenous Siberian adults? Am J Hum Biol 27, in press. (link to article)
  • Scott IM, Clark AP, Josephson SC, Boyette A, Cuthill I, Fried R, Gibson M, Hewlett B, Jamieson M, Jankowiak W, Honey PL, Huang Z, Liebert MA, Purzycki BG, Shaver J, Snodgrass JJ, Sosis R, Sugiyama LS, Swami V, Yu DW, Zhao Y, and Penton-Voak IS. 2014. Human preferences for sexually dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel. PNAS 111: 14388-14393. (link to article)
  • Peltzer K, Hewlett S, Yawson AE, Moynihan P, Preet R, Wu F, Arokiasamy P, Snodgrass JJ, Chatterji S, Engelstad M, Kowal P, and Guo YF. 2014. Prevalence of loss of all teeth (edentulism) and associated factors in older adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Int J Env Res Public Health 11: 11308-11324. (link to article)
  • Peltzer K, Williams JS, Kowal P, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Yawson AE, Minicuci N, Thiele EA, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Biritwum R, and Chatterji, S. 2014. Universal health coverage in emerging economies: Findings on health care utilization by older adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa. Glob Health Act. (link to article)
  • Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Kowal P, Chatterji S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Sleep duration, sleep  quality, and body composition among older adults from six middle-income countries: Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 26: 803-812. (link to article)
  • Cepon TJ, Liebert MA, Gildner TE, Urlacher SS, Colehour AM, Snodgrass JJ, Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. 2014. Soil-transmitted helminth prevalence and infection intensity among geographically and economically distinct Shuar communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon. J Parasitol 100: 598-607. (link to article)
  • Colehour AM, Meadow JF, Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner TE, Urlacher SS, Bohannan BJM, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2014. Local domestication of lactic acid bacteria via cassava beer fermentation. PeerJ 2:e479. (link to article)
  • Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Yakut (Sakha) adults. Ann Hum Biol 41: 180-186. (link to article)
  • Leonard WR, Levy SB, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Seasonal variation in basal metabolic rates among the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 26: 437-445. (link to article)
  • Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Kowal P, Chatterji S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014. Effect of sleep quality and duration on cognitive function among older adults from six middle income countries: Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). J Clin Sleep Med 10: 613-621. (link to article)
  • Snodgrass JJ. 2013. Health of indigenous circumpolar populations. Annu Rev Anthropol 42: 69-87. (link to article)
  • Levy SB, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2013. Seasonal and socioeconomic influences on thyroid function among the Yakut (Sakha) of Eastern Siberia. Am J Hum Biol. (link to article)
  • Liebert MA, Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Madimenos FC, Cepon TJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2013. Implications of market integration for cardiovascular and metabolic health among an indigenous Amazonian Ecuadorian population. Ann Hum Biol 40: 228-242. (link to article)
  • McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ, Martinez CR, Eddy JM, McDade TW, Hyers MJ, and Johnstone-Diaz A. 2013. Integrating biomarkers into research with Latino immigrants in the United States. Adv Anthropol 3: 112-120. (link to article)
  • Antón SC and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Origin and evolution of genus Homo: A new perspective. Curr Anthropol 53 (Supplement 6): S479-S496. pdfpic
  • Madimenos FC, Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2012. Reproductive effects on skeletal health in Shuar women of Amazonian Ecuador: A life history perspective. Am J Hum Biol 24: 841-852. pdfpic
  • Squires EC, McClure HH, Martinez CR, Eddy JM, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Diurnal cortisol rhythms among Latino immigrants in Oregon, USA. J Physiol Anthropol 31: 19. pdfpic
  • McDade TW, Tallman PS, Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ, Sugiyama L, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Analysis of variability of high sensitivity C-reactive protein in lowland Ecuador reveals no evidence of chronic low-grade inflammation. Am J Hum Biol 24: 675-681. pdfpic
  • Kowal P, Chatterji S, Naidoo N, Biritwum R, Wu F, Lopez Ridaura R, Maximova T, Arokiasamy P, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ, Minicuci N, D’Este C, Boerma JT. 2012. Cohort profile: The WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Int J Epidemiol 41: 1639-1649.
  • Leonard WR, Snodgrass JJ, Robertson ML. 2012. Comparative and evolutionary perspectives on human brain growth. In: Cameron and Bogin (eds.) Human Growth and Development (2nd Edition). New York: Elsevier, pp. 397-414.
  • McClure HH, Eddy JM, Kjellstrand JM, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR. 2012. Child and adolescent affective and behavioral distress and elevated adult body mass index. J Child Psychiatry Hum Develop 43: 837-854. (link to article)
  • Muchlinski MN, Snodgrass JJ, and Terranova CJ. 2012. Muscle mass scaling in primates: An energetic and ecological perspective. Am J Primatol 74: 395-407. pdfpic
  • Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Human energetics. In: Stinson et al. (eds.) Human Biology: An Evolutionary and Biocultural Approach (2nd Edition). New York: Wiley, pp. 327-386. pdfpic

Selected Publications (Publication Archive)

  • Leonard WR, Robertson ML, Snodgrass JJ. 2010. What did humans evolve to eat? Metabolic implications of major trends in hominid evolution. In: Moffat and Prowse (eds.) Human Diet and Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective: Past Meets Present. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 13-34. pdfpic
  • Blackwell AD, Snodgrass JJ, Madimenos FC, Sugiyama LS. 2010. Life history, immune function, and intestinal helminths: Trade-offs among immunoglobulin E, C-reactive protein, and growth in an Amazonian population. Am J Hum Biol 22: 836-848. pdfpic (cover photo)
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, et al. 2010. Impaired fasting glucose and the metabolic syndrome among an indigenous Siberian population. Int J Circumpol Health 69: 87-98. pdfpic
  • McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ, Martinez CR, Eddy JM, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE. 2010. Discrimination, psychosocial stress, and health among Latin American immigrants in Oregon. Am J Hum Biol 22: 421-423. george
  • Raichlen DA, Gordon AD, Muchlinski MN, Snodgrass JJ. 2010. Causes and significance of variation in mammalian basal metabolism. J Comp Physiol B 180: 301-311.
  • Snodgrass JJ and Leonard WR. 2009. Neandertal energetics revisited: Insights into population dynamics and life history evolution. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 220-237.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Robertson ML. 2009. The energetics of encephalization in early hominids. In: JJ Hublin & M Richards (eds.) Evolution of Hominid Diets: Integrating Approaches to the Study of Palaeolithic Subsistence. Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 15-29.
  • Sorensen MV, Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, McDade TW, Tarskaya LA, Ivanov KI, Krivoshapkin VG, Alekseev VP. 2009. Lifestyle incongruity, stress and immune function in indigenous Siberians: The health impact of rapid social and economic change. Am J Phys Anthropol 138: 62-69.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Mosher MJ. 2008. The influence of basal metabolic rate on blood pressure among indigenous Siberians. Am J Phys Anthropol 137: 145-155.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Leonard WR. 2007. Adaptive dimensions of health research among indigenous Siberians. Am J Hum Biol 19: 165-180. (cover photo)
  • McDade TW, Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ. 2007. What a drop can do: Dried blood spots as a minimally-invasive method for integrating biomarkers in population-based research. Demography 44: 899-925.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Schoeller DA. 2006. Total energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia as measured by the doubly labeled water method.  Am J Clin Nutr 84: 798-806.
  • Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin VG. 2005. Basal metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 17: 155-172. (cover photo)
(Go to Publication Archive)

Note: All articles are the sole copyright of the respective publishers.  Materials are provided for educational use only.

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