Biology; Human Nutrition & Energetics; Evolutionary
Global Health; Growth & Development; Aging;
Human Skeletal Biology
Postdoctoral Fellow, Institute for Mind and Biology, The
University of Chicago (2004-2005)
Anthropology, Northwestern University (2004) M.A., Anthropology,
University of Florida (1998) B.A., Anthropology,
UC Santa Cruz (1995)
Anth 175: Evolutionary Medicine (Syllabus) Anth 199: Paging Dr.
Darwin (Freshman Interest Group College Connections
Course) (Syllabus) Anth 270:
Introduction to Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
Anth 362: Human Biological Variation (Syllabus)
Anth 369: Human Growth & Development (Syllabus)
Anth 468/568: Evolutionary Theory (Syllabus) Anth 487/587:
Bioanthropology Methods (Syllabus) Anth 610: Current
Topics in Biological Anthropology (Syllabus) (Read more about
my courses and teaching philosophy) Research
Interests My research focuses on
human health and adaptation and sits at the intersection
of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional
sciences, epidemiology, and the behavioral sciences.
My research focuses on four main topics:
adaptation to environmental stressors such as extreme
2) The influence of economic and cultural change on
health, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes
3) Human/primate energetics and the evolution of the
4) The role of chronic psychosocial stress in shaping
health and disease (Read
more about my research interests) Collaborative
Field Research I am part of several
large collaborative research teams and am involved in
field research projects in northeastern Siberia (Indigenous
Siberian Health and Adaptation Project), the
Amazon region of Ecuador (The
Shuar Health and Life History Project), and
several locations within Oregon.
Since 2005, I've also been involved with the World
Health Organization's multi-country Study
Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), a longitudinal
study of health and well-being in older adults that
focuses on nationally representative samples in six
countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and
Biology Research Laboratory I also direct a human
biology research laboratory that focuses on the
development and application of minimally invasive
techniques (e.g., dried blood spots and saliva) for assessing health and
physiology in population-based research.
I was named by The Scientist as their Scientist to Watch
in the August 2013 issue of the magazine. Click here
for the profile piece from The Scientist and here
for an article on the topic from the UO website.
In 2012, I was named
as a Williams
Fellow in recognition of distinguished
undergraduate teaching at the University of Oregon.
I also recently received a Faculty
Excellence Award in recognition of outstanding
research and leadership at the University of Oregon.
In 2011, I received a
Research Recognition Award from the
PeaceHealth/Sacred Heart Medical Foundation for my
research on stress and health.
Recent Press Click here
for a recent article on cold stress and acclimatization
from Discovery News--"Cold Weather's Coming: Is Your
Here's a link
to a story from UO's Around the O on a review article I
published in Annual Review of Anthropology on
the health of native northern populations.
for a recent news piece in Science about ecological
immunology research by the Shuar Health and Life History
Project and collaborators Thom McDade and Paula Tallman.
Click here for a
recent article from Science on the evolution of the
human diet, which discusses some of my research.
for a recent Room for Debate opinion piece from The New
York Times that discusses the effects of recent secular
trends in height and longevity, and responds to the
question "Do we want to be supersize humans?"
Bones and Behavior I'm also a
co-organizer (with Susan Antón of NYU) of the Bones and
Behavior Working Group, and I manage the website bonesandbehavior.org.
Our group is dedicated to fostering a greater synthesis
across biological anthropology with the specific aim of
developing integrative approaches to research questions
concerning human and primate adaptation.
McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ,
Martinez CR, Squires EC, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE,
Eddy JM, and McDade TW. Stress, place, and
allostatic load among Mexican immigrant farmworkers
in Oregon. J Immigr Minor Health.
McClure HH, Shortt JW, Eddy JM,
Holmes A, van Uum S, Russell E, Koren G, Sheeber L,
Davis B, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR. Mother-child
contact and maternal hair cortisol and adjustment
during and following incarceration. Adv Child Family
Leonard WR, Streeter EA,
Squires EC, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI,
Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ.
Relationship between adiponectin levels and resting
metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia. J
Clin Endocrin Metab.
Kim HK, Tiberio SS, Capaldi DM,
Shortt JW., Squires EC, and Snodgrass JJ. Intimate
partner violence and diurnal cortisol patterns in
Cepon TJ, Liebert MA, Gildner
TE, Urlacher SS, Colehour AM, Snodgrass JJ,
Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. in press.
Soil-transmitted helminth prevalence and infection
intensity among geographically and economically
distinct Shuar communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon.
Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Kowal
P, Chatterji S, and Snodgrass JJ. in press. Effect
of sleep quality and duration on cognitive function
among older adults from six middle income countries:
Results from the Study on global AGEing and adult
health (SAGE). J Clin Sleep Med.
Leonard WR, Levy SB, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. in press.
Seasonal variation in basal metabolic rates among
the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum
Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ.
2014. Objectively measured physical activity and
sedentary behaviour of Yakut (Sakha) adults. Ann Hum
Snodgrass JJ. 2013. Health of
indigenous circumpolar populations. Annu Rev
Anthropol 42: 69-87. (link
Levy SB, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2013. Seasonal
and socioeconomic influences on thyroid function
among the Yakut (Sakha) of Eastern Siberia. Am J Hum
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Madimenos FC, Cepon TJ,
and Sugiyama LS. 2013. Implications of market
integration for cardiovascular and metabolic health
among an indigenous Amazonian Ecuadorian population.
Ann Hum Biol 40: 228-242. (link
Snodgrass JJ, Martinez CR, Eddy JM, McDade TW, Hyers
MJ, and Johnstone-Diaz A. 2013. Integrating
biomarkers into research with Latino immigrants in
the United States. Adv Anthropol 3: 112-120. (link
Antón SC and Snodgrass JJ.
2012. Origin and evolution of genus Homo: A new
perspective. Curr Anthropol 53 (Supplement 6):
Snodgrass JJ, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ, and Sugiyama LS.
Reproductive effects on skeletal health in Shuar
women of Amazonian Ecuador: A life history
perspective. Am J Hum Biol 24: 841-852.
McClure HH, Martinez CR, Eddy JM, Jimenez RA,
Isiordia LE, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Diurnal
cortisol rhythms among Latino immigrants in Oregon,
USA. J Physiol Anthropol 31: 19.
Tallman PS, Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ,
Sugiyama L, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Analysis of
variability of high sensitivity C-reactive protein
in lowland Ecuador reveals no evidence of chronic
low-grade inflammation. Am J Hum Biol 24: 675-681.
Kowal P, Chatterji S, Naidoo N,
Biritwum R, Wu F, Lopez Ridaura R, Maximova T,
Arokiasamy P, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Williams SR,
Snodgrass JJ, Minicuci N, D’Este C, Boerma JT. 2012.
Cohort profile: The WHO Study on global AGEing and
adult health (SAGE). Int J Epidemiol 41: 1639-1649.
Snodgrass JJ, Robertson ML. 2012. Comparative and
evolutionary perspectives on human brain growth. In:
Cameron and Bogin (eds.) Human Growth and Development (2nd
Edition). New York: Elsevier, pp. 397-414.
McClure HH, Eddy
JM, Kjellstrand JM, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR.
2012. Child and adolescent affective and behavioral
distress and elevated adult body mass index. J Child
Psychiatry Hum Develop 43: 837-854. (link
Snodgrass JJ, and Terranova CJ. 2012. Muscle mass
scaling in primates: An energetic and ecological
perspective. Am J Primatol 74: 395-407.
2012. Human energetics. In: Stinson et al. (eds.) Human Biology: An
Evolutionary and Biocultural Approach (2nd
Edition). New York: Wiley, pp. 327-386.
Robertson ML, Snodgrass JJ. 2010. What did humans
evolve to eat? Metabolic implications of major
trends in hominid evolution. In: Moffat and Prowse
(eds.) Human Diet
and Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective: Past
Meets Present. New York: Berghahn Books,
Snodgrass JJ, Madimenos FC, Sugiyama LS. 2010. Life
history, immune function, and intestinal helminths:
Trade-offs among immunoglobulin E, C-reactive
protein, and growth in an Amazonian population. Am J
Hum Biol 22: 836-848. (cover photo)
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, et al. 2010. Impaired
fasting glucose and the metabolic syndrome among an
indigenous Siberian population. Int J Circumpol
Health 69: 87-98.
Snodgrass JJ, Martinez CR, Eddy JM, Jimenez RA,
Isiordia LE. 2010. Discrimination, psychosocial
stress, and health among Latin American immigrants
in Oregon. Am J Hum Biol 22: 421-423.
Gordon AD, Muchlinski MN, Snodgrass JJ. 2010. Causes
and significance of variation in mammalian basal
metabolism. J Comp Physiol B 180: 301-311.
Snodgrass JJ and
Leonard WR. 2009. Neandertal energetics revisited:
Insights into population dynamics and life history
evolution. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 220-237.
Leonard WR, Robertson ML. 2009. The energetics of
encephalization in early hominids. In: JJ Hublin
& M Richards (eds.) Evolution
of Hominid Diets: Integrating Approaches to the
Study of Palaeolithic Subsistence. Dordrecht, Springer,
Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, McDade TW, Tarskaya LA,
Ivanov KI, Krivoshapkin VG, Alekseev VP. 2009.
Lifestyle incongruity, stress and immune function in
indigenous Siberians: The health impact of rapid
social and economic change. Am J Phys Anthropol 138:
Leonard WR, Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Mosher MJ.
2008. The influence of basal metabolic rate on blood
pressure among indigenous Siberians. Am J Phys
Anthropol 137: 145-155.
Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Leonard WR. 2007. Adaptive
dimensions of health research among indigenous
Siberians. Am J Hum Biol 19: 165-180. (cover
Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ. 2007. What a drop can do:
Dried blood spots as a minimally-invasive method for
integrating biomarkers in population-based research.
Demography 44: 899-925.
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Schoeller DA. 2006. Total
energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia
as measured by the doubly labeled water
method. Am J Clin Nutr 84: 798-806.
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin
VG. 2005. Basal metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha)
of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 17: 155-172. (cover
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