to Information on Publications, Research Interests,
Human Biology Research Laboratory
Teaching and Mentoring
Health and Life History Project
Siberian Health and Adaptation Project
Study on global AGEing and adult health
and Behavior Project
Appointments at UO
of Anthropology, University
Associate Vice Provost for Undergraduate Studies, University of Oregon
Other Positions at UO
A. Bray Faculty Fellow, University of Oregon (2014-2017)
Co-Director, Center for
Global Health, University of Oregon (2016-)
of Distinguished Scholarships, University of
Biology Research Laboratory, University of Oregon
Selected Professional Positions
Vice President, American
Association of Physical Anthropologists
Book Review Editor and Editorial Board Member, American
Journal of Human Biology (2013-2016)
Advisor, Multi-Country Studies Unit, World Health
Organization (since 2005)
Affiliated Scientist, Oregon
Social Learning Center (since 2010)
Biology; Human Nutrition & Energetics; Evolutionary
Global Health; Growth & Development; Aging;
Biomarkers of Physiology and Health; Human Skeletal
Postdoctoral Fellow, Institute for Mind and Biology, The
University of Chicago (2004-2005)
Anthropology, Northwestern University (2004)
University of Florida (1998)
UC Santa Cruz (1995)
Advising Award (Certificate of Merit Recipient),
National Academic Advising
Association, 2015 (coverage
by Around the O)
University of Oregon Outstanding Faculty Advisor Award,
by Around the O)
Association's Michael A. Little Early Career Award,
Elected as Fellow of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013
Scientist to Watch in August issue of The Scientist
magazine, 2013 (see profile
University of Oregon Williams
Fellow for distinguished undergraduate teaching,
University of Oregon Faculty
Excellence Award in recognition of outstanding
research and leadership, 2012
Heart Medical Foundation Clinical
Research Recognition Award, 2011
Anth 175: Evolutionary Medicine (Syllabus)
Anth 199: Paging Dr.
Darwin (Freshman Interest Group College Connections
Introduction to Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
Anth 362: Human Biological Variation (Syllabus)
Anth 369: Human Growth & Development (Syllabus)
Anth 468/568: Evolutionary Theory (Syllabus)
Bioanthropology Methods (Syllabus)
Anth 610: Current
Topics in Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
(Read more about
my courses and teaching philosophy)
My research focuses on
human health and adaptation and sits at the intersection
of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional
sciences, epidemiology, and the behavioral sciences.
My research focuses on four main topics:
adaptation to environmental stressors such as extreme
2) The influence of economic and cultural change on
health, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes
3) Human/primate energetics and the evolution of the
4) The role of chronic psychosocial stress in shaping
health and disease
more about my research interests)
I am part of several
large collaborative research teams and am involved in
field research projects in northeastern Siberia (Indigenous
Siberian Health and Adaptation Project), the
Amazon region of Ecuador (The
Shuar Health and Life History Project), and
several locations within Oregon.
Since 2005, I've also been involved with the World
Health Organization's multi-country Study
Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), a longitudinal
study of health and well-being in older adults that
focuses on nationally representative samples in six
countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and
South Africa). More info on our SAGE efforts can be
found on the SAGE
Eugene Office Homepage.
Biology Research Laboratory
I also direct a human
biology research laboratory, an
immunology/endocrinology biomarker lab, that focuses on the
development and application of minimally invasive
techniques (e.g., dried blood spots and saliva) for assessing health and
physiology in population-based research.
I gave the keynote address to
the Phi Beta Kappa initiates as part of the UO
graduation ceremonies. The speech focused on the
importance of a liberal arts and science education.
Three graduate students I work with finished their PhD's
this term, all working with the Shuar Health and Life
- Melissa Liebert ("Stress
and culture change among indigenous Shuar from
Amazonian Ecuador: Integrating evolutionary,
developmental, and biocultural perspectives"); PhD,
Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon
- Sam Urlacher ("Growing
up Shuar: Life history tradeoffs and energy
allocation in the context of physical growth among
an indigenous Amazonian population"); PhD,
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard
I gave a talk ("Health
and aging among older adults in middle income countries:
The WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health
[SAGE]", with Paul Kowal and Somnath
Chatterji) at the NIH/NIA-sponsored Nathan Shock
Center Summit on Personalized Geroscience, Seattle, WA.
- Keaton Stagaman
("Investigating the role of immunity and other
selective pressures on the assembly of the gut
microbiota in zebrafish and humans"); PhD,
Department of Biology, Institute of Ecology and
Evolution, and Institute of Molecular Biology,
University of Oregon (posted 6/11/16)
Geeta Eick and I are part of a collaborative
research team at UO, led by psychologist Jeff
Measelle (and including Dare Baldwin and Geraldine
Richmond), that recently received a UO Incubating
Interdisciplinary Initiatives (I3) award for our
project, "Neuroimaging approaches to studying the neurodevelopmental
effects of malnutrition in southeast Asia". (posted
Graduate student Theresa Gildner was recently
awarded a Wenner-Gren Foundation grant ($20,000) for her
dissertation project, "Life history tradeoffs between
testosterone and immune function: Testing the
immunocompetence handicap hypothesis". (posted 4/27/16)
I gave a talk as part of the OMSI Science Pub
series on March 10--the talk ("To Siberia and Beyond:
Studying Human Biologyand Health at the Edge of the
World") discussed the Indigenous Siberian Health and
Adaptation project. (posted 4/3/16)
research was recently profiled by UO Advancement as part
of UO's ongoing $2 billion fundraising campaign. Most of
the video focuses on creating research opportunities for
undergraduates. Here's the link
News/Press Archive (Selected Stories)
Our collaborative work
with the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) on the
effects of intimate partner violence on cortisol
rhythms was covered by the Oregonian/Oregon
Live and the UK's Daily
Mail, among other media outlets.
Our collaborative research on the evolution of
facial attractiveness, led by Isabel
Scott of Brunel University and Ian
Penton-Voak of the University of Bristol, was
profiled on the UO
website and picked up by the LA
Times, among other media outlets.
Our work on sleep and cognitive function based
on the SAGE project was profiled on the UO
website, and was picked up by several media
outlets such as Huffington
Post and NPR
(recorded by KLCC and aired on Morning Edition and
All Things Considered).
for a recent article on cold stress and
acclimatization from Discovery News--"Cold Weather's
Coming: Is Your Body Ready?"
Here's a link
to a story from UO's Around the O on a review article
I published in Annual Review of Anthropology
on the health of native northern populations.
for a recent news piece in Science about ecological
immunology research by the Shuar Health and Life History
Project and collaborators Thom McDade and Paula Tallman.
Click here for a
recent article from Science on the evolution of the
human diet, which discusses some of my research.
for a recent Room for Debate opinion piece from The New
York Times that discusses the effects of recent secular
trends in height and longevity, and responds to the
question "Do we want to be supersize humans?"
Current Research Projects
Bones and Behavior
I'm also a
co-organizer (with Susan Anton of NYU) of the Bones and
Behavior Working Group, and I manage the website bonesandbehavior.org.
Our group is dedicated to fostering a greater synthesis
across biological anthropology with the specific aim of
developing integrative approaches to research questions
concerning human and primate adaptation.
Review or In Revision
- Leonard WR, Streeter EA,
Squires EC, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI,
Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass
JJ. Relationship between adiponectin levels
and resting metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha) of
Siberia. J Clin Endocrin Metab.
- McClure HH, Kowal P, Naidoo N,
Small J, Gildner TE, and Snodgrass JJ. Food
insecurity in relation to social, physical,
cognitive, and emotional challenges among older
adults in middle income nations. J Nutr.
- Gildner TE, Liebert MA,
Capistrant BD, D'Este C, Snodgrass JJ, and
Kowal P. Associations
between perceived income adequacy, self-rated
health, and overall quality of life in older adults
from six middle-income countries. J Gerontol Soc
- Gildner TE, Cepon-Robins TJ,
Liebert MA, Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ,
Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. Regional variation in
helminth infection by age cohort and sex: Health
effects of market integration among the indigenous
Shuar of Amazonian Ecuador. J Physiol Anthropol.
- Brand CM, Boose KJ, Squires EC,
Marchant LF, White FJ, Meinelt A, and Snodgrass
JJ. Hair plucking, stress, and urinary
cortisol among captive bonobos (Pan paniscus).
- Schrock JM, McClure HH, Snodgrass
JJ, Liebert MA, Charlton K, Arokiasamy P,
Naidoo N, and Kowal P. Social disparities in food
insecurity and body composition among older adults
in India: The effects of socioeconomic status,
caste, and religion in the Study on global AGEing
and adult health (SAGE). Pub Health Nutr.
- Capistrant BD, Charlton K,
Snodgrass JJ, and Kowal P. Do determinants
of hypertension status vary between Ghana and South
Africa? Study on global AGEing and adult health. J
- Raichlen DA, Pontzer H, Harris
J, Mabulla AZP, Marlowe FW, Snodgrass JJ,
Eick G, Berbesque JC, Sancilio A, Wood BM. Physical
activity patterns and biomarkers of cardiovascular
disease risk in hunter-gatherers. Am J Hum Biol.
- Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya U,
Kowal P, Capistrant BD, Gildner TE, Thiele E,
Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Mensah G, Maximova T, Wu F,
Guo Y, Zheng Y, Kalula S, Salinas Rodriguez A,
Manrique-Espinoza B, Liebert MA, Eick G, Sterner KN,
Barrett TM, Duedu K, Gonzales E, Ng N, Negin J,
Jiang Y, Byles J, Madurai L, Minicuci N, Snodgrass
JJ, and Naidoo N. Chronic non-communicable
diseases in six low and middle-income countries:
findings from WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult
health (SAGE) Wave 1. Am J Epidemiol, in press.
- Biritwum RB, Minicuci N, Yawson
AE, Theou O, Mensah GP, Naidoo N, Wu F, Guo Y, Zheng
Y, Jiang Y, Maximova T, Kalula S, Arokiasamy P,
Salinas-Rodriguez A, Manrique-Espinoza B, Snodgrass
JJ, Sterner KN, Eick G, Liebert MA, Schrock J,
Afshar S, Thiele E, Vollmer S, Harttgen K, Strulik
H, Byles JE, Rockwood K, Mitnitski A, Chatterji S,
and Kowal P. Prevalence of and factors associated
with frailty and disability in older adults from
China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South
Africa. Maturitas, in press.
- Eick G, Urlacher SS, McDade TW,
Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Validation
of an optimized ELISA for quantitative assessment of
Epstein-Barr virus antibodies from dried blood
spots. Biodemog Social Bio 62: 222-233. (link
- Urlacher SS, Liebert MA,
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Cepon-Robins TJ,
Gildner TE, Madimenos FC, Amir D, Bribiescas RG, and
Sugiyama LS. 2016. Heterogeneous effects of market
integration on subadult growth and nutritional
status among the Amazonian Shuar. Ann Hum Biol, in
- Blackwell AD, Trumble BC,
Suarez IM, Stieglitz J, Beheim B, Snodgrass JJ,
Kaplan H, and Gurven M. 2016. Immune function in
Amazonian horticulturalists. Ann Hum Biol, in press.
- Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Schrock
JM, Cepon-Robins TJ, Mathur A, Agarwal H, Kowal P,
and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Physical function
and activity among older adults in Jodhpur, India.
Ann Hum Biol, in press. (link
- Streeter EA, Squires EC,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI,
Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass
Adiponectin, hemoglobin, and cardiovascular risk in
an indigenous Siberian population. Am J Hum Biol 28,
in press. (link
- Levy SB, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2016.
Lifestyle mediates seasonal changes in metabolic
health among the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern
Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 28, in press. (link
- Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ,
Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins
TJ, Gildner TE, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. The
application of knemometry to measure childhood
short-term growth among the indigenous Shuar of
Ecuador. Am J Phys Anthropol 160: 353-357. (link
- Urlacher SS, Blackwell AD,
Liebert MA, Madimenos FC, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner
TE, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. Physical
Growth of the Shuar: Height, Weight, and BMI Growth
References for an Indigenous Amazonian Population.
Am J Hum Biol 28: 16-30. (link
- Snodgrass JJ, Liebert
MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Barrett TM, Mathur A, Chatterji
S, and Kowal P. 2016. Accelerometer-measured
physical activity among older adults in urban India:
Results of a Study on global AGEing and adult health
(SAGE) sub-study. Am J Hum Biol 28: 412-420. (link
- Kowal P, Arokiasamy P, Afshar
S, Pati S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015.
Multimorbidity: Health care that counts past one for
1.2 billion older adults. Lancet 385: 2252-2253.
- Valeggia CR, Snodgrass JJ.
2015. Health of indigenous peoples. Annu Rev
Anthropol 44: 117-135. (link
- Gildner TE, Barrett TM, Liebert
MA, Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015. Does
BMI generated by self-reported height and weight
measure up in older adults? Results from the Study
on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). BMC
Obesity 2: 44.
- Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya,
Jain K, Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Fan W, Guo Y,
Maximova T, Espinoza BM, Salinas-Rodriguez A, Afshar
S, Pati S, Ice G, Banerjee S, Liebert MA, Snodgrass
JJ, Naidoo N, Chatterji S, and Kowal P. 2015.
The impact of multimorbidity on adult physical and
mental health in low- and middle-income countries:
what does the Study on global AGEing and adult
health (SAGE) reveal? BMC Medicine 13: 178.
- Kim HK, Tiberio SS, Capaldi DM,
Shortt JW., Squires EC, and Snodgrass JJ.
2015. Intimate partner violence and diurnal cortisol
patterns in couples. Psychoneuroendocrinology 51: 35-46.
- Wu F, Guo Y, Chatterji S, Zheng
Y, Naidoo N, Jiang Y, Biritwum R, Yawson A, Minicuci
N, Rodriguez A, Espinoza B, Maximova T, Peltzer K,
Phaswanamafuya N, Snodgrass JJ, Thiele E, Ng N, and
Kowal P. 2015. Common risk factors for chronic
non-communicable diseases among older adults in
China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South
Africa: The Study on global AGEing and adult health
(SAGE) Wave 1. BMC Public Health 15: 88.
- McClure HH, Snodgrass JJ,
Martinez CR, Squires EC, Jimenez RA, Isiordia LE,
Eddy JM, and McDade TW. 2015. Stress, place, and
allostatic load among Mexican immigrant farmworkers
in Oregon. J Immigr Minor Health 17: 1518-1525.
- McClure HH, Shortt JW, Eddy JM,
Holmes A, van Uum S, Russell E, Koren G, Sheeber L,
Davis B, Snodgrass JJ, and Martinez CR.
2015. Associations among mother-child contact,
parenting stress, and mother and child adjustment
related to incarceration. In: J. Poehlmann-Tynan
(ed.) Children's Contact with Incarcerated
Parents: Implications for Policy and Intervention.
Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, pp.
- Rivas Marino G, Negin J,
Snodgrass JJ, Salinas Rodriguez A, Espinoza
BSM, and Kowal P. 2015. Body mass index, physical
activity and associated factors among older adults
in Mexico: An analysis of the Study on global AGEing
and adult health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol 27: 326-333.
- Madimenos FC, Liebert MA,
Cepon-Robins TJ, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama
LS. 2015. Determining osteoporosis risk in older
Colono adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using
calcaneal ultrasonometry. Am J Hum Biol 27: 139-142.
- Wilson HJ, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass
JJ. 2015. Do physical activity and sedentary
behavior relate to cardio-metabolic risk factor
clustering in indigenous Siberian adults? Am J Hum
Biol 27: 149-156.
- Scott IM, Clark AP, Josephson
SC, Boyette A, Cuthill I, Fried R, Gibson M, Hewlett
B, Jamieson M, Jankowiak W, Honey PL, Huang Z,
Liebert MA, Purzycki BG, Shaver J, Snodgrass JJ,
Sosis R, Sugiyama LS, Swami V, Yu DW, Zhao Y, and
Penton-Voak IS. 2014. Human preferences for sexually
dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel. PNAS
- Peltzer K, Williams JS, Kowal
P, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Yawson AE,
Minicuci N, Thiele EA, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Biritwum
R, and Chatterji, S. 2014. Universal health coverage
in emerging economies: Findings on health care
utilization by older adults in China, Ghana, India,
Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa.
Glob Health Act 7: 25314.
- Leonard WR, Levy SB, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014.
Seasonal variation in basal metabolic rates among
the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum
Biol 26: 437-445.
- Liebert MA,
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Madimenos FC,
Cepon TJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2013. Implications of
market integration for cardiovascular and metabolic
health among an indigenous Amazonian Ecuadorian
population. Ann Hum Biol 40: 228-242.
- Snodgrass JJ. 2013.
Health of indigenous circumpolar populations. Annu
Rev Anthropol 42: 69-87.
- Snodgrass JJ.
2012. Human energetics. In: Stinson et al. (eds.) Human Biology: An
Evolutionary and Biocultural Approach (2nd
Edition). New York: Wiley, pp. 327-386.
- Kowal P, Chatterji S, Naidoo N,
Biritwum R, Wu F, Lopez Ridaura R, Maximova T,
Arokiasamy P, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Williams SR, Snodgrass
JJ, Minicuci N, D'Este C, Boerma JT. 2012.
Cohort profile: The WHO Study on global AGEing and
adult health (SAGE). Int J Epidemiol 41: 1639-1649.
- Anton SC and Snodgrass
JJ. 2012. Origin and evolution of genus Homo: A new
perspective. Curr Anthropol 53 (Supplement 6):
- McDade TW,
Tallman PS, Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ,
Sugiyama L, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Analysis
of variability of high sensitivity C-reactive
protein in lowland Ecuador reveals no evidence of
chronic low-grade inflammation. Am J Hum Biol 24:
- Leonard WR,
Robertson ML, Snodgrass JJ. 2010.
What did humans evolve to eat? Metabolic
implications of major trends in hominid evolution.
In: Moffat and Prowse (eds.) Human Diet and
Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective: Past Meets
Present. New York: Berghahn Books, pp.
- Snodgrass JJ
and Leonard WR. 2009. Neandertal energetics revisited:
Insights into population dynamics and life history
evolution. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 220-237.
- Snodgrass JJ,
Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Leonard WR. 2007. Adaptive
dimensions of health research among indigenous
Siberians. Am J Hum Biol 19: 165-180. (cover
- McDade TW,
Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ. 2007. What a drop
can do: Dried blood spots as a minimally-invasive
method for integrating biomarkers in
population-based research. Demography 44: 899-925.
- Snodgrass JJ,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Schoeller DA. 2006. Total
energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia
as measured by the doubly labeled water
method. Am J Clin Nutr 84: 798-806.
- Snodgrass JJ,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin
VG. 2005. Basal metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha)
of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 17: 155-172. (cover
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