to Information on Publications, Research Interests,
Health Biomarker Lab
Teaching and Mentoring
Health and Life History Project
Siberian Health and Adaptation Project
Study on global AGEing and adult health
and Behavior Project
Appointments at UO
of Anthropology, University
Associate Vice Provost for Undergraduate Studies, University of Oregon
Other Positions at UO
A. Bray Faculty Fellow, University of Oregon (2014-2017)
Co-Director, Center for
Global Health, University of Oregon (2016-)
of Distinguished Scholarships, University of
Health Biomarker Lab, University of Oregon (since
Vice President, American
Association of Physical Anthropologists
As part of my role as Vice President of the American Association
of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA), I was the
primary organizer and scientific chair for the annual
meeting in New
Orleans (2017) and will be for the upcoming
meeting in Austin (2018). These meetings bring together
approximately 2000 scientists from around the world and
take place in conjunction with the annual meetings of
Biology Association, the Paleopathology
Association, and the American Association for
Anthropological Genetics. The AAPA New Orleans
meeting was the largest ever with a record number of
presentations (~1300) and attendees (~2100).
This year's AAPA linked up with the March for
Science, which took place on April 22 in
Washington DC and in over 500 additional cities around
the world. The New Orleans
March for Science featured speeches by the AAPA
President Susan Antón and member Agustin Fuentes at the
pre-March rally and the march itself included
approximately 5000 people, including ~1400 from AAPA.
Why March for Science?
The AAPA officers (Susan
Antón, Leslie Aiello, Josh Snodgrass, and Anne Grauer)
issued the following statement about the march:
AAPA joins with the March for Science to celebrate our
passion for rigorous, non-partisan, evidence-based
science. We aim to:
Science serves the common good. We
celebrate this mission and these goals.
Biology; Human Nutrition & Energetics; Evolutionary
Global Health; Mental Health; Growth &
Development; Aging; Biomarkers of Physiology and Health;
Human Skeletal Biology
- Promote science education that
teaches critical thinking and scientific rigor
- Foster open and honest science
communication and inclusive public outreach
- Champion evidence-based
- Protect funding for scientific
research and its applications
- Acknowledge that science does
not have borders and that the free movement of
international scientists and students is necessary
to achieve our best results
Postdoctoral Fellow, Institute for Mind and Biology, The
University of Chicago (2004-2005)
Anthropology, Northwestern University (2004)
University of Florida (1998)
UC Santa Cruz (1995)
Advising Award (Certificate of Merit Recipient),
National Academic Advising
Association, 2015 (coverage
by Around the O)
University of Oregon Outstanding Faculty Advisor Award,
by Around the O)
Association's Michael A. Little Early Career Award,
Elected as Fellow of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013
Scientist to Watch in August issue of The Scientist
magazine, 2013 (see profile
University of Oregon Williams
Fellow for distinguished undergraduate teaching,
University of Oregon Faculty
Excellence Award in recognition of outstanding
research and leadership, 2012
Heart Medical Foundation Clinical
Research Recognition Award, 2011
Anth 175: Evolutionary Medicine (Syllabus)
Anth 199: Paging Dr.
Darwin (Freshman Interest Group College Connections
Introduction to Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
Anth 362: Human Biological Variation (Syllabus)
Anth 369: Human Growth & Development (Syllabus)
Anth 468/568: Evolutionary Theory (Syllabus)
Bioanthropology Methods (Syllabus)
Anth 610: Current
Topics in Biological Anthropology (Syllabus)
(Read more about
my courses and teaching philosophy)
My research focuses on
human health and adaptation and sits at the intersection
of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional
sciences, epidemiology, and the behavioral sciences.
My research focuses on five main topics:
adaptation to environmental stressors such as extreme
2) The influence of social and environmental change on
health, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes
3) Human nutrition/energetics and the evolution of the
4) The role of chronic psychosocial stress in shaping
health and disease
5) Global aging, health, and well-being
more about my research interests)
I am part of several
large collaborative research teams and am involved in
field research projects in northeastern Siberia (Indigenous
Siberian Health and Adaptation Project), the
Amazon region of Ecuador (The
Shuar Health and Life History Project), and
several locations within Oregon.
Since 2005, I've also been involved with the World
Health Organization's multi-country Study
Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), a longitudinal
study of health and well-being in older adults that
focuses on nationally representative samples in six
countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and
South Africa). More info on our SAGE efforts can be
found on the SAGE
Eugene Office Homepage.
I direct the Global
Health Biomarkers Lab, an
immunology/endocrinology lab, that focuses on the
development and application of minimally invasive
assessing health and physiology in population-based
research. The lab is managed by Dr. Geeta Eick
and specializes on the development of dried blood spot
(DBS) techniques and the application of minimally
invasive biomarkers (DBS, saliva, urine, feces, and
hair) to global health questions. We currently are
involved with research projects in over a dozen
countries, including the US.
Josh Schrock presented a paper linking
parasite level and mood among the Shuar (Preliminary Evidence that
Ascaris lumbricoides (Roundworm) Infection
is Associated with Mood) at the
HBES conference in Boise (posted 6/12/17)
Congratulations to Heather
Shattuck-Heidorn who completed her PhD at
Harvard in Human Evolutionary Biology
with research in New England with Ecuadorian
immigrants and in Ecuador in conjunction with
the Shuar Health and Life History Project (The
Innate Immune System, Energetics, and the
Early-Life Environment). Heather did some of
her undergraduate work at UO (as part of an
NSE rotation) and worked in the Global Health
Biomarker Lab. I served on her dissertation
committee at Harvard (posted 5/21/17)
Undergraduates Alli Dona, Eliza
Hallett, and Tigest Mequanint presented on their
research at the UO's Undergraduate
Research Symposium (posted 5/21/17)
Congratulations to Eliza
Hallett for receiving a Human Biology Association
Student Member Travel Award to
support her travel to New Orleans in April to
present her senior thesis research in the form of
a poster (The Shuar
Health and Life History Project: Chronic
helminth infection is associated with kidney
function in an indigenous Ecuadorian
Undergraduates Alli Dona, Eliza Hallett,
and Tigest Mequanint presented
on their research at the Oregon capitol on March 9
as part of UO Day at the Capitol. They were part of a group of 10 UO
undergraduates from various STEM disciplines that
presented on their work during this day of celebration
and advocacy (posted 3/10/17)
Hallett successfully defended her UO Honors College thesis
"Relationships between kidney function, systemic
inflammation, and age in the indigenous Shuar of
Ecuador: The Shuar Health and Life History
Project" (posted 3/6/17)
Graduate student Theresa Gildner was recently
awarded an NSF grant for
her dissertation research, "Doctoral Dissertation
Research: Life history tradeoffs between testosterone
and immune function among Shuar
forager-horticulturalists of Amazonian Ecuador"
Undergraduate student lab intern Tigest Mequanint
makes an appearance in a video about graduate student Alex
de Verteuil and the SCORE
(Students of Color Opportunities for Research
Enrichment) program; the video is
currently on the University of Oregon Homepage. Here's
to the video (posted 1/15/17)
Our collaborative research with Dave Raichlen
and others on physical
activity and cardiovascular health among the Hadza
was recently published in the American
Journal of Human Biology and profiled in The
New York Times and NPR
The Fall 2016 issue of UO's CASCADE
Magazine discusses my role in expanding research opportunities
for undergraduates and launching the Center for
Undergraduate Research and Engagement (CURE).
Our collaborative work
with the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) on the
effects of intimate partner violence on cortisol
rhythms was covered by the Oregonian/Oregon
Live and the UK's Daily
Mail, among other media outlets.
Our collaborative research on the evolution of
facial attractiveness, led by Isabel
Scott of Brunel University and Ian
Penton-Voak of the University of Bristol, was
profiled on the UO
website and picked up by the LA
Times, among other media outlets.
Our work on sleep and cognitive function based
on the SAGE project was profiled on the UO
website, and was picked up by several media
outlets such as Huffington
Post and NPR
(recorded by KLCC and aired on Morning Edition and
All Things Considered).
for a recent article on cold stress and
acclimatization from Discovery News--"Cold Weather's
Coming: Is Your Body Ready?"
Here's a link
to a story from UO's Around the O on a review article
I published in Annual Review of Anthropology
on the health of native northern populations.
for a recent news piece in Science about ecological
immunology research by the Shuar Health and Life History
Project and collaborators Thom McDade and Paula Tallman.
for a recent article from Science on the evolution of
the human diet, which discusses some of my research.
for a recent Room for Debate opinion piece from The New
York Times that discusses the effects of recent secular
trends in height and longevity, and responds to the
question "Do we want to be supersize humans?"
Current Research Projects
on the Horizon
- Gildner TE, Liebert MA, Snodgrass
JJ, and Kowal P. Mind over matter: Are
physical performance and subjective well-being
linked in older adults? Results from the Study on
global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). J Aging Phys
Act. Under review.
- Capistrant BD, Charlton K,
Snodgrass JJ, and Kowal P. Do determinants of
hypertension status vary between Ghana and South
Africa? Evidence from the Study on global AGEing and
adult health (SAGE). BMC Public Health. Under
- Goldman EA, Eick GN, Compton D,
Kowal P, Snodgrass JJ, Eisenberg DTA, and
Sterner KN. Evaluating minimally invasive sample
collection methods for telomere length measurement.
Am J Hum Biol. Under review.
- Gildner TE, Ng N, Fan W, Guo Y,
Snodgrass JJ, Kowal P. Ideal cardiovascular
health (Life's Simple 7) and cognitive test
performance among older Chinese adults. Lancet.
- Stagaman K, Cepon-Robins TJ,
Liebert MA, Gildner TE, Urlacher SS, Madimenos FC,
Guillemin K, Snodgrass JJ, Sugiyama LS, and
Bohannan BJM. House modernity predicts human gut
microbiome attributes associated with economic
development. Science. Under review.
- Schrock JM, McClure HH, Snodgrass
JJ, Liebert MA, Charlton K, Arokiasamy P,
Naidoo N, and Kowal P. Food
insecurity partially mediates associations between
social disadvantage and body composition among older
adults in India: Results from the Study on global
AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Am J Hum Biol, in
- Arokiasamy P, Uttamacharya U,
Kowal P, Capistrant BD, Gildner TE, Thiele E,
Biritwum RB, Yawson AE, Mensah G, Maximova T, Wu F,
Guo Y, Zheng Y, Kalula S, Salinas Rodriguez A,
Manrique-Espinoza B, Liebert MA, Eick G, Sterner KN,
Barrett TM, Duedu K, Gonzales E, Ng N, Negin J,
Jiang Y, Byles J, Madurai L, Minicuci N, Snodgrass
JJ, and Naidoo N. 2017. Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in 6
Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Findings From Wave
1 of the World Health Organization's Study on Global
Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE). Am J Epidemiol 185: 414-428. (link
- Eick GN, Kowal P, Barrett T,
Thiele EA, and Snodgrass JJ. 2017.
Enzyme-linked immunoassay-based quantitative
measurement of apolipoprotein-B (ApoB) in dried
blood spots, a biomarker of cardiovascular disease
risk. Biodemog Social Bio 63: 116-130. (link
- Raichlen DA, Pontzer H, Harris
J, Mabulla AZP, Marlowe FW, Snodgrass JJ,
Eick G, Berbesque JC, Sancilio A, and Wood BM. 2017.
Physical activity patterns and biomarkers of
cardiovascular disease risk in hunter-gatherers. Am
J Hum Biol 29: DOI:
- Gildner TE, Liebert MA,
Capistrant BD, D'Este C, Snodgrass JJ, and
Kowal P. 2017.
Perceived income adequacy and well-being among older
adults in six low- and middle-income countries. J
Gerontol Soc Sci, in press. (link
- Gildner TE, Cepon-Robins TJ,
Liebert MA, Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ,
Madimenos FC, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. Regional
variation in helminth infection by age cohort and
sex: Health effects of market integration among the
indigenous Shuar of Amazonian Ecuador. J Physiol
Anthropol 35: 28. (link
- Brand CM, Boose KJ, Squires EC,
Marchant LF, White FJ, Meinelt A, and Snodgrass
JJ. 2016. Hair plucking, stress, and urinary
cortisol among captive bonobos (Pan paniscus).
Zoo Biology 35:
- Eick G, Urlacher SS, McDade TW,
Kowal P, and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Validation
of an optimized ELISA for quantitative assessment of
Epstein-Barr virus antibodies from dried blood
spots. Biodemog Social Bio 62: 222-233. (link
- Biritwum RB, Minicuci N, Yawson
AE, Theou O, Mensah GP, Naidoo N, Wu F, Guo Y, Zheng
Y, Jiang Y, Maximova T, Kalula S, Arokiasamy P,
Salinas-Rodriguez A, Manrique-Espinoza B, Snodgrass
JJ, Sterner KN, Eick G, Liebert MA, Schrock J,
Afshar S, Thiele E, Vollmer S, Harttgen K, Strulik
H, Byles JE, Rockwood K, Mitnitski A, Chatterji S,
and Kowal P. 2016. Prevalence of and factors
associated with frailty and disability in older
adults from China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and
South Africa. Maturitas 9: 8-18. (link
- Urlacher SS, Liebert MA,
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Cepon-Robins TJ,
Gildner TE, Madimenos FC, Amir D, Bribiescas RG, and
Sugiyama LS. 2016. Heterogeneous effects of market
integration on subadult growth and nutritional
status among the Amazonian Shuar. Ann Hum Biol 43:
- Blackwell AD, Trumble BC,
Suarez IM, Stieglitz J, Beheim B, Snodgrass JJ,
Kaplan H, and Gurven M. 2016. Immune function in
Amazonian horticulturalists. Ann Hum Biol 43:
- Barrett TM, Liebert MA, Schrock
JM, Cepon-Robins TJ, Mathur A, Agarwal H, Kowal P,
and Snodgrass JJ. 2016. Physical function
and activity among older adults in Jodhpur, India.
Ann Hum Biol 43: 488-491. (link
- Streeter EA, Squires EC,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI,
Baltakhinova ME, Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass
Adiponectin, hemoglobin, and cardiovascular risk in
an indigenous Siberian population. Am J Hum Biol 28:
- Levy SB, Leonard WR, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2016.
Lifestyle mediates seasonal changes in metabolic
health among the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern
Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 28, in press. (link
- Urlacher SS, Snodgrass JJ,
Liebert MA, Cepon-Robins
TJ, Gildner TE, and Sugiyama LS. 2016. The
application of knemometry to measure childhood
short-term growth among the indigenous Shuar of
Ecuador. Am J Phys Anthropol 160: 353-357. (link
- Urlacher SS, Blackwell AD,
Liebert MA, Madimenos FC, Cepon-Robins TJ, Gildner
TE, Snodgrass JJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2016.
Physical Growth of the Shuar: Height, Weight, and
BMI Growth References for an Indigenous Amazonian
Population. Am J Hum Biol 28: 16-30. (link
- Snodgrass JJ, Liebert
MA, Cepon-Robins TJ, Barrett TM, Mathur A, Chatterji
S, and Kowal P. 2016. Accelerometer-measured
physical activity among older adults in urban India:
Results of a Study on global AGEing and adult health
(SAGE) sub-study. Am J Hum Biol 28: 412-420. (link
- Kim HK, Tiberio SS, Capaldi DM,
Shortt JW., Squires EC, and Snodgrass JJ.
2015. Intimate partner violence and diurnal cortisol
patterns in couples. Psychoneuroendocrinology 51: 35-46.
- Kowal P, Arokiasamy P, Afshar
S, Pati S, and Snodgrass JJ. 2015.
Multimorbidity: Health care that counts past one for
1.2 billion older adults. Lancet 385: 2252-2253.
- Valeggia CR, Snodgrass JJ.
2015. Health of indigenous peoples. Annu Rev
Anthropol 44: 117-135.
- Wu F, Guo Y, Chatterji S, Zheng
Y, Naidoo N, Jiang Y, Biritwum R, Yawson A, Minicuci
N, Rodriguez A, Espinoza B, Maximova T, Peltzer K,
Phaswanamafuya N, Snodgrass JJ, Thiele E, Ng N, and
Kowal P. 2015. Common risk factors for chronic
non-communicable diseases among older adults in
China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South
Africa: The Study on global AGEing and adult health
(SAGE) Wave 1. BMC Public Health 15: 88.
- Scott IM, Clark AP, Josephson
SC, Boyette A, Cuthill I, Fried R, Gibson M, Hewlett
B, Jamieson M, Jankowiak W, Honey PL, Huang Z,
Liebert MA, Purzycki BG, Shaver J, Snodgrass JJ,
Sosis R, Sugiyama LS, Swami V, Yu DW, Zhao Y, and
Penton-Voak IS. 2014. Human preferences for sexually
dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel. PNAS
- Peltzer K, Williams JS, Kowal
P, Negin J, Snodgrass JJ, Yawson AE,
Minicuci N, Thiele EA, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Biritwum
R, and Chatterji, S. 2014. Universal health coverage
in emerging economies: Findings on health care
utilization by older adults in China, Ghana, India,
Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa.
Glob Health Act 7: 25314.
- Leonard WR, Levy SB, Tarskaia
LA, Klimova TM, Fedorova VI, Baltakhinova ME,
Krivoshapkin VG, and Snodgrass JJ. 2014.
Seasonal variation in basal metabolic rates among
the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia. Am J Hum
Biol 26: 437-445.
- Liebert MA,
Snodgrass JJ, Blackwell AD, Madimenos FC,
Cepon TJ, and Sugiyama LS. 2013. Implications of
market integration for cardiovascular and metabolic
health among an indigenous Amazonian Ecuadorian
population. Ann Hum Biol 40: 228-242.
- Snodgrass JJ. 2013.
Health of indigenous circumpolar populations. Annu
Rev Anthropol 42: 69-87.
- Snodgrass JJ.
2012. Human energetics. In: Stinson et al. (eds.) Human Biology: An
Evolutionary and Biocultural Approach (2nd
Edition). New York: Wiley, pp. 327-386.
- Kowal P, Chatterji S, Naidoo N,
Biritwum R, Wu F, Lopez Ridaura R, Maximova T,
Arokiasamy P, Phaswana-Mafuya N, Williams SR, Snodgrass
JJ, Minicuci N, D'Este C, Boerma JT. 2012.
Cohort profile: The WHO Study on global AGEing and
adult health (SAGE). Int J Epidemiol 41: 1639-1649.
- Anton SC and Snodgrass
JJ. 2012. Origin and evolution of genus Homo: A new
perspective. Curr Anthropol 53 (Supplement 6):
- McDade TW,
Tallman PS, Madimenos FC, Liebert MA, Cepon TJ,
Sugiyama L, and Snodgrass JJ. 2012. Analysis
of variability of high sensitivity C-reactive
protein in lowland Ecuador reveals no evidence of
chronic low-grade inflammation. Am J Hum Biol 24:
- Leonard WR,
Robertson ML, Snodgrass JJ. 2010.
What did humans evolve to eat? Metabolic
implications of major trends in hominid evolution.
In: Moffat and Prowse (eds.) Human Diet and
Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective: Past Meets
Present. New York: Berghahn Books, pp.
- Snodgrass JJ
and Leonard WR. 2009. Neandertal energetics revisited:
Insights into population dynamics and life history
evolution. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 220-237.
- Snodgrass JJ,
Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Leonard WR. 2007. Adaptive
dimensions of health research among indigenous
Siberians. Am J Hum Biol 19: 165-180. (cover
- McDade TW,
Williams SR, Snodgrass JJ. 2007. What a drop
can do: Dried blood spots as a minimally-invasive
method for integrating biomarkers in
population-based research. Demography 44: 899-925.
- Snodgrass JJ,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Schoeller DA. 2006. Total
energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia
as measured by the doubly labeled water
method. Am J Clin Nutr 84: 798-806.
- Snodgrass JJ,
Leonard WR, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin
VG. 2005. Basal metabolic rate in the Yakut (Sakha)
of Siberia. Am J Hum Biol 17: 155-172. (cover
to Publication Archive)
articles are the sole copyright of the respective
publishers. Materials are provided for
educational use only.
site is best viewed with Firefox or Safari.
Comments or questions? Contact me.